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Practice Areas


The overall objective, which RWSSP-WN supports the Government of Nepal (GoN) to achieve, is improved health and fulfilment of the equal right to water and sanitation for the inhabitants of the Project area. The purpose of Phase II is to ensure the poorest and excluded households’ right to access safe and sustainable domestic water, good health and hygiene is enabled through a decentralized governance system with improved effectiveness of rural water supply and sanitation services. We work according to the national policies, guidelines, planning processes, rules and regulations of Nepal and promote decentralization, gender equality and social inclusion and greater harmonization in the WASH sector. We strengthen the capacity of local governments in 14 districts to deliver services in water supply, sanitation and hygiene. Municipality programmes are implemented by the Municipality WASH Units.

Result 1: Sanitation & Hygiene for All

The expected Result 1 is "Access to sanitation and hygiene for all is achieved and sustained in the project working areas". This means to end open defecation in all working districts in a sustainable way. After having declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) status, post-ODF Strategies are needed to ensure that the ODF status can be maintained and that communities move gradually towards total sanitation.

Result 3: Institutional Capacity

The expected Result 3 is "Strengthened institutional capacity of government bodies to plan, coordinate, support and monitor the WUSCs and other community groups in the implementation, operation and maintenance of domestic water, sanitation and hygiene programmes in a self-sustainable manner". Municipalities WASH Units and their programmes aim to provide support to Water Users and Sanitation Committees (WUSCs) and other community groups on a responsive basis in scheme planning, implementation and operation and maintenance.

Result 2: Safe & Improved Water for All 

The expected Result 2 is "Access to safe, functional and inclusive water supply services for all is achieved and sustained in the project working areas." RWSSP-WN aims to provide functional, improved and safe water supply services. We expect to have at least 150,000 people benefit from access to improved water supply.

Cross-cutting Objectives

Cross-cutting objectives are relevant to all work we do: planning, capacity development, good governance, gender equality & social inclusion, human rights based approaches, climate change adaptation & disaster risk reduction, green economy, and technical designs considering such as access. Continued research, development and deployment in this regard are vital. Cross-cutting objectives are mainstreamed throughout the project, but also have specific activities where needed.

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